Kernel Mode Driver Signing – Windows 7 & 8

Feb 29, 2024




Important SignTool Options:
  • /ac Specify an Additional Certificate.
  • /f  Specify the signing Certificate in a file.
  • /p  Specify the password for the signing Certificate.
  • /fd Specify the file digest algorithm used in creating file signatures.
    • E.g. /fd sha256 to place a SHA256 signature (SHA1 is default).
  • /n "Certificate Common Name" Specifies the Certificate to sign the file from your Windows Certificate Store using the Certificate common name.
  • /t  Specify a Microsoft Authenticode compatible time stamp server.
  • /tr Specify an RFC 3161 compliant trusted time stamp server.


You can watch the video below for a tutorial.

Or, you can check the step by step guidelines below. 

  1. In order for your driver to install successfully, the following file types in your project must be signed:
    • .sys
    • .cat
  2. You can either sign these files out of a working directory, or you can place them in your Windows SDK\bin folder.
  3. Acquire the Microsoft Code Signing Cross Certificate for GlobalSign and place it into your working directory.
  4. Use the following signtool command to sign the code:

    signtool sign /ac MSCrossCert.crt /f CodeSign.pfx /p password1234 /tr filter.sys

    This code will place a signature including the Cross Certificate, that is timestamped in compliance with RFC 3161.
  5. Next verify your signature using the following signtool command.

    signtool verify /v /kp

    -v is for a verbose output and -kp validates it according to kernel mode driver signing criteria.

    The output should look like this:
    Step 5.png
  6. Repeat the same process with the .cat file.
  7. Once the driver has been signed, you can install the properly signed driver.
    If the driver is signed properly the install screen will look like this (Windows 7):

    Step 7.png

Additional Resources

Full list of SignTool commands:

Kernel-Mode Code Signing Walkthrough:

Digital Signatures for Kernel Modules on Windows:

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